“Designed synthesis of porous carbons for the separation of light hydrocarbons”
被 Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering 接受发表！
Shuang Xu, Ru-Shuai Liu, Meng-Yao Zhang and An-Hui Lu* Designed synthesis of porous carbons for the separation of light hydrocarbons, Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2021, Accepted.
The separation of light hydrocarbon mixtures (C1−C3) generated from petrochemical industry is vital and challenging process for obtaining valuable pure chemical feedstocks. In comparison to the energy intensive conventional separation technologies (cryogenic distillation, absorption and hydrogenation), the adsorptive separation is considered as a low energy cost and high efficiency process. Porous carbons have been demonstrated as excellent adsorbents for the separation of light hydrocarbons, owing to their designable structure and tailorable properties. This review summarizes the recent advances of using porous carbons as adsorbents for the separation of light hydrocarbons, including methane/nitrogen, methane/alkane, methane/carbon dioxide, ethylene/ethane and propylene/propane. We discuss the separation mechanisms and highlight the material features including pore structure, surface chemistry and target molecular properties that determine the separation performance. Furthermore, the challenges and development direction associated with carbonaceous adsorbents for light hydrocarbon separation are discussed, meanwhile the guidelines for the design of porous carbons are proposed.